OLED and Micro-LED – A New Generation of Viewing Experience

Created On: Jun-2018
Report ID: IR116
Format: PDF

Technologies relating to display units have progressed considerably over the past few years. Bigger, flat panels, and thinner screens, augmented pixel count, and more lately, curved displays have assisted growth in several markets such as televisions, laptops and smartphones. Display technology is one of the key marketing factors for different smartphone manufacturers or brand, where customers anticipate a high-fidelity viewing experience. As the mega trends of the industry suggest, acceptance of smartphones will keep snowballing, and data transfers subjugated by pictures and video will be high. This denotes that more hours a day are used on smartphones to use social media or watch videos, by consumers which necessitates a high-quality viewing experience. Hence, the circumstances clearly accentuate the growing demand for developments in display technology. More increased lifespan, energy efficiency, reduced impact of radiation on eyes and augmented receptive capabilities are some of the factors that mandates improvement. Additionally, comfortable viewing experience, bendability, and information displays in wearables are captivating technological developments. Micro-LEDs and OLED technology are among the latest advances of the industry to satisfy some of the market demand.

Micro-LEDs

Micro-LED was first invented in the United States in the year 2000, which was grounded on Indium gallium nitride (InGaN) semiconductors. This technology is alike OLED, as both are self-emitting and thus, micro-LEDs also offers deep blacks and high-contrast ratios. The primary difference between micro-LEDs and OLEDs is in their composition material; a micro-LED is prepared by inorganic semiconductor materials, and the component size is less than 100um thus getting its name as micro-LED. The individual pixel elements are formed of an array of micro-LEDs. The micro-LED market has garnered interest of some of the leading brands such as Samsung and Apple and have bought many start-up micro-LED companies as they have huge potential applications in Near-to-Eye (NTE) devices or wearables, automotive displays, smart watches and signage. Additionally, micro-LEDs are anticipated to have increased lifespan and faster response time than OLEDs. Therefore, micro-LED technology is expected to penetrate even further in their future applications as this technology is in its nascent stage.

OLEDs

OLEDs or as called as Organic light emitting diodes are technically different from Liquid Crystal Displays (LCDs) and Light Emitting Diodes (LED). The LCDs and LEDs utilize a peripheral light source, but OLEDs are prepared of a carbon-based organic material thus emitting light itself when electricity is passed through them. The emissive carbon-based material is placed in between the anode and cathode, and further layers are added to add further durability and efficiency of the device. OLED displays can also be flexed and bended as found in the Samsung Galaxy Edge series smartphone.

Based upon different driving methods of OLED displays, the technology is further segmented into Passive Matrix OLED (PMOLED), and Active-Matrix OLED (AMOLED). AMOLEDs owing to their manufacturing complexity are much costlier than PMOLEDs but they are more effective and scalable. On the other hand, PMOLEDs are generally used in smaller and secondary displays. LG is one of the major PMOLED display technology manufacture and uses them in their flagship smartphones, whereas Samsung is noted to use AMOLED technology in their smartphone displays.

Conclusion

Display technology is considered to be a feature of marketing across consumer products such as tablets, smartphones, and televisions. Progressions in technology such as OLEDs and micro-LEDs have been able to fulfill demands for an improved viewing experience, aesthetics, and improved efficiency; these technologies are also dignified to increase lifespan of the products. Therefore, the OLED and micro-LED market will endure interest among participants in the market during the forecast years, and would provide a pivotal role in adding benefits to the customers.

Our Research Approach Includes
  •  Market Outlining
  •  Framing discussion guide
  •  Data Validation
  • Data Analysis
  •  Re-Validation and Finalization of Data
  •  Report Insights and Publishing
Our Research Approach Includes
  •  Market Outlining
  •  Framing discussion guide
  •  Data Validation
  • Data Analysis
  •  Re-Validation and Finalization of Data
  •  Report Insights and Publishing
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